Technically, trichomes are “fine outgrowths or appendages on plants, algae, lichens, and certain protists.”
On a cannabis plant, Trichomes are the part of the plant that produces cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids. These control potency and flavor, among other things.
Trichomes are also a defense mechanism as they have a sour flavor and a strong smell that protects the plant against most insects or animals. They even protect the plant from fungal growth and strong winds.

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